Samples come from biobanks
Biobank is a collection of biological samples and data gathered with the donor’s consent for future medical research and product development for healthcare and health promotion purposes.The difference between traditional sample collections and the new biobank concept is that samples collected in a biobank can be used for a variety of future research needs, not just for a defined specific research purpose. FinnGen is the first research project that brings together almost all Finnish biobanks.
Seven regional and three country-wide Finnish biobanks participate in the study. The biobanks have been established by universities, hospital districts and other research organizations.
The comprehensive use of existing sample collections in medical research has many benefits. Citizens do not have to be invited on multiple occasions to participate in surveys and donate new samples. Also, samples that have been collected at great expense can be used more efficiently for research purposes, aiding in the development of better treatments and medications.
FinnGen research project is the first study where almost all of the Finnish biobanks are co-operating. The FinnGen study plans to utilize 500 000 unique samples collected from a nationwide network of Finnish biobanks.
After the completion of the study, the genomic data produced during the project will be owned by the Finnish biobanks, and remain available for researchers and companies.